Articles & Chapters


Eriksson, K., Strimling, P., Andersson, P. A., Aveyard, M., Brauer, M., Gritskov, V., et al. (in press). Cultural universals and cultural differences in meta-norms about peer punishmentManagement and Organization Review.

Moisuc, A., Brauer, M., Fonseca, A., Chaurand, N., & Greitemeyer, T. (in press). Individual differences in social control: Who “speaks up” when witnessing uncivil, discriminatory, and immoral behaviors? British Journal of Social Psychology.

Pier, E. L., Brauer, M., Filut, A., Kaatz, A., Raclaw, J., Nathan, M. J., Ford, C. E., & Carnes, M. (in press). Low agreement among reviewers evaluating the same NIH grant applications. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Brauer, M. (2018). Préjugés et discrimination [Prejudice and discrimination]Encyclopædia Universalis [en ligne], URL :

Brauer, M. (2018).  Repeated measures designs. In B.B. Frey (Ed). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Research, Measurement, and Evaluation. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Campbell, M.R., & Brauer, M. (2018). Regression discontinuity analysis.  In B.B.Frey (Ed). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Research, Measurement, and Evaluation. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Murrar, S. & Brauer, M. (2018). Mixed-model analysis of variance. In B.B. Frey (Ed). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Research, Measurement, and Evaluation. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Brauer, M. & Curtin, J.J. (2017, November 17). Linear mixed-effects models and the analysis of nonindependent data: A unified framework to analyze categorical and continuous independent variables that vary within-subjects and/or within-itemsPsychological Methods. Advance online publication.

Pier, E. L., Raclaw, J., Kaatz, A., Brauer, M., Carnes, M., Nathan, M. J., & Ford, C. E. (2017). Your comments are meaner than your score”: Score calibration talk influences intra- and inter-panel variability during scientific grant peer review. Research Evaluation, 26(1), 1-14.

Gavac, S., Murrar, S., & Brauer, M. (2017). Group perception and social norms. In R. Summers (Ed.), Social Psychology: How Other People Influence Our Thoughts and Actions. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 333-359.

Murrar, S., Gavac, S., & Brauer, M. (2017). Reducing prejudice. In R. Summers (Ed.), Social Psychology: How Other People Influence Our Thoughts and Actions. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 361-383.

Murrar, S. & Brauer, M. (2017). Entertainment-education effectively reduces prejudice. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations.

Ro, M., Brauer, M., Kuntz, K., Shukla, R., & Bensch, I. (2017). Making Cool Choices for sustainability: Testing the effectiveness of a game-based approach to promoting pro-environmental behaviorsJournal of Environmental Psychology, 53, 20-30.

Lai, C. K., Skinner, A. L., Cooley, E., Murrar, S., Brauer, M., Devos, T., et al. (2016). Reducing implicit racial preferences II – Intervention effectiveness across time. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145, 1001-1016.

Simao, C. & Brauer, M. (2015). Beliefs about group malleability and out‐group attitudes: The mediating role of perceived threat in interactions with out‐group members. European Journal of Social Psychology45(1), 10-15.

Garcia-Marques, L., Garcia-Marques, T., & Brauer, M. (2014). Buy three but get only two: The smallest effect in a 2 × 2 ANOVA is always uninterpretable. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 1-16.

Rychlowska, M., Korb, S., Brauer, M., Droit-Volet, S., Augustinova, M., Zinner, L., & Niedenthal, P. M. (2014). Pacifiers disrupt adults’ responses to infants’ emotions. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 36(4), 299-308.

Er-rafiy, A., & Brauer, M. (2013). Modifying perceived variability: Four laboratory and field experiments show the effectiveness of a ready-to-be-used prejudice intervention. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43, 840-853.

Er-rafiy, A., & Brauer, M. (2013). Promouvoir la diversité intragroupe: Une nouvelle méthode de réduction de la discrimination [Promoting intra-group diversity: A new method to reduce discrimination]. In A. Ghouati and E. Agbessi (Eds.), Diversité et innovation en milieu socioprofessionnels [Diversity and Innovation in professional settings] (pp. 33-42). Clermont-Ferrand, France: Presses universitaires Blaise-Pascal.

Fonseca, A., & Brauer, M., Moisuc, A., & Nugier, A. (2013). Cognitive load causes people to react ineffectively to others’ norm transgressions. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43, 1518-1527.

Font, H., & Brauer, M. (2013). La cognition sociale [Social Cognition]. In L. Bégue and O.  Desrichard (Eds.), Psychologie Sociale: La nature sociale de l’être humain. Bruxelles, Belgium: DeBoeck.

Badea, C., Brauer, M., & Rubin, M. (2012). The effects of winning and losing on perceived group variability. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48(5), 1094-1099.

Brauer, M. (2012). Comment lutter contre les incivilités [How to fight against incivilities]. Cerveau & Psycho, 8, 66-70.

Brauer, M., & Er-rafiy, A., Kawakami, K., & Phills, C. E. (2012). Describing a group in positive terms reduces prejudice less effectively than describing it in positive and negative terms. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 757-761.

Kamiejski, R., Guimond, S., De Oliveira, P., Er-Rafiy, A., & Brauer, M. (2012). Le modèle républicain d’intégration: implications pour la psychologie des relations entre groupes. L’année psychologique, (112), 51-85.

Niedenthal, P. M., Augustinova, M., Rychlowska, M., Droit-Volet, S., Zinner, L., & Brauer, M. (2012). Negative relations between pacifier use and emotional competence. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 34, 387–394.

Niedenthal, P. M., & Brauer, M. (2012). Social functionality of human emotionAnnual review of psychology63, 259-285.

Brauer, M. (2011). Femmes sous influence [Women under influence]. Cerveau & Psycho, 43, 41-45.

Brauer, M., & Er-rafiy, A. (2011). Increasing perceived variability reduces prejudice and discrimination. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 871-877.

Musca, S. C., Kamiejski, R., Nugier, A., Méot, A., Er-rafiy, A., & Brauer, M. (2011). Data with hierarchical structure: Impact of intraclass correlation and sample size on Type-I error. Frontiers in Quantitative Psychology and Measurement, 2, Art. 74, 1-6.

Brauer, M., & Chaurand (2010).Descriptive norms, prescriptive norms, and social control: An intercultural comparison of people’s reaction to uncivil behaviors. European Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 490-499.

Er-rafiy, A., & Brauer, M. (2010). L’effet bénéfique de l’augmentation de la variabilité perçue sur la réduction des préjugés et de la discrimination [The beneficial effect of increasing perceived variability on the reduction of prejudice and discrimination]. L’Année Psychologique, 110, 103-125.

Er-rafiy, A., Brauer, M., & Musca, S. (2010).On reducing prejudice and discrimination: Methodological considerations and empirical field experiments. Revue Internationale de Psychologie Sociale, 23, 57-95.

Greitemeyer, T., Osswald, S., & Brauer, M. (2010). Playing prosocial video games increases empathy and decreases schadenfreude. Emotion, 10, 796-802.


Nugier, A., Niedenthal, P. M., & Brauer, M. (2009). Influence de l’appartenance groupale sur les reactions émotionnelles au contrôle social informel [The influence of group membership on emotional reactions to social control]. L’Année Psychologique, 109, 61-81.

Rohmann, A., Niedenthal, P. M., Brauer, M., Castano, E., & Leyens, J. Ph. (2009).The attribution of primary and secondary emotions to the in-group and to the out-group. The case of equal status countries. Journal of Social Psychology, 149, 709-730.

Sacchi, S., Castano, E., & Brauer, M. (2009). Perceiving one’s nation: Entitativity, agency, and security in the international arena. International Journal of Psychology, 44, 321-332.

Brauer, M., & Landry, M. (2008). Un ministre peut-il tomber enceinte? L’impacte du générique masculin sur les représentations mentales [Can a secretary of state become pregnant? The impact of the generic masculine on mental representations]. L’Année Psychologique, 108, 243-272.

Chappe, B., & Brauer, M. (2008). Les stéréotypes et la variabilité perçue dans les groupes: Etat des lieux et enjeux [Stereotypes and perceived variability in groups: State of the research and current issues]. L’Année Psychologique, 108, 133-167.

Chaurand, N., & Brauer, M. (2008a). What Determines Social Control?
People’s Reactions to Counternormative Behaviors in
Urban EnvironmentsJournal of Applied Social Psychology, 38, 1689-1715.

Chaurand, N., & Brauer, M. (2008b). La déviance [Deviance]. Revue électronique de Psychologie Sociale, 3, 9-23.

Klein, O., Tindale, S., & Brauer, M. (2008). The consensualization of stereotypes in small groups.  In Y. Kashima, K. Fiedler, and P. Freytag (Eds.), Stereotype dynamics: Language-based approaches to the formation, maintenance, and transformation of stereotypes (pp. 263-292). New York, NY, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Chaurand, N., & Brauer, M. (2007). Applications sociétales de la psychologie sociale [Societal applications of social psychology]. In A. Trognon and M. Bromberg (Eds.), Psychologie sociale et ressources humaines [Social psychology and human resources] (pp. 225-242). Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

Nugier, A., Niedenthal, P., Brauer, M., & Chekroun, P. (2007). Moral and angry emotions provoked by informal social control. Cognition & Emotion, 21, 1699-1720.

Bourhis, R., & Brauer, M. (2006). Special issue: Notes concerning the EJSP thematic issue on ‘social power’. European Journal of Social Psychology, 36, 433-434.

Brauer, M., & Bourhis, R. Y. (2006). Social power. European Journal of Social Psychology, 36, 601-616.

Brauer, M. (2005). Préjugés et stéréotypes [Prejudice and stereotypes]. In M. Borlandi, R. Boudon, M. Cherkaoui, et B. Valade (Eds.), Dictionnaire de la Pensée Sociologique. (pp. 571-572). Paris, France: Presses Universitaires de France.

Brauer, M. (2005). Stéréotypes et rapports de domination [Stereotypes and power relationships]. Cerveau & Psycho, 13, 24-28

Brauer, M., & Chekroun, P. (2005). The relationship between perceived violation of social norms and social control: Situational factors influencing the reaction to deviance. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35, 1519-1539.

Brauer, M., & McClelland, G. H. (2005). L’utilisation des contrastes dans l’analyse des données: Comment tester des hypothèses spécifiques dans la recherche en psychologie? [The use of contrasts in data analyses: How should one test specific hypotheses in psychological research? ]. L’Année Psychologique, 105, 273-305.

Mondillon, L., Niedenthal, P. M., Brauer, M., Rohmann, A., Dalle, N., & Uchida, Y. (2005). Beliefs about power and its relation to emotional experience: A comparison of Japan, France, Germany, and the United States. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 1112-1122.

Brauer, M. (2004). Les incivilités, un indicateur social [Incivilities: A social indicator]. Cerveau & Psycho, 8, 12-16.

Brauer, M., Chambres, P., Niedenthal, P. M., & Chatard-Pannetier, A. (2004). The relationship between expertise and evaluative extremity: The moderating role of experts’ task characteristics. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 5-18.

Brauer, M., Martinot, D., & Ginet, M. (2004). Current tendencies and future challenges for social psychologists. Current Psychology of Cognition, 22, 537-558.

Chappe, B., Brauer, M., & Castano E. (2004). Advantaged groups are more variable than disadvantaged groups: The case of preferences and habits. Current Psychology of Cognition, 22, 407-425.

Chekroun, P., & Brauer, M. (2004). Contrôle social et effet spectateur: L’impact de l’implication personnelle [Social control and the spectator effect: The impact of personal implication]. L’Année Psychologique, 104, 83-102.

Ginet, M., Martinot, D., & Brauer, M. (2004). The individual as a group member: Stereotypes and prejudice in an intergroup context. Current Psychology of Cognition, 22, 379-386.

Martinot, D., Brauer, M., Ginet, M (2004). The self in experimental social psychology: Multiple theoretical approaches to a complex phenomenon. Current Psychology of Cognition, 22, 105-116.

Mondillon, L., Dalle, N., Niedenthal, P. M., Brauer, M. (2004). Emotions et pouvoir : Une étude interculturelle [Emotions and power: An intercultural study]. Microscoop, 44, 10-11.

Brauer, M., Abric, J. C., Drozda-Senkowska, E., Lemaire, P., Lorenzi-Cioldi, F., Niedenthal, P. M., Sanitioso, R. B., Schadron, G., Steiner, D., & Yzerbyt, V. (2003). Doctoral training in the French-speaking countries of Europe: Objectives and suggestions for improvement. European Psychologist, 8, 9-17.

Brauer, M., Judd, C. M., & Thompson, M. S. (2003). The acquisition, transmission, and discussion of social stereotypes: Influences of communication on group perceptions. In V. Yzerbyt, O. Corneille, et C. M. Judd (Eds.), The psychology of group perception: Contributions to the study of homogeneity, entititavity, and essentialism. (pp. 237-255). New York, NY: Psychology Press.

Brauer, M. (2002). L’analyse des variables indépendantes continues et catégorielles: Alternatives à la dichotomisation [The analysis of continuous and categorical independent variables: Alternatives to dichotomisation]. L’Année Psychologique, 102, 449-484.

Brauer, M. (2002). Processus identitaires et image du soi: La cas de l’Auvergne [Identity processes and self-image: The case of Auvergne]. In D. Martin (Ed.), L’identité de l’Auvergne : Mythe ou réalité historique? [The identity of Auvergne: Myth or historical reality?] (pp. 695-704). Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

Chatard-Pannetier, A., Brauer, M., Chambres, P., & Niedenthal, P. M. (2002). Représentation, catégorisation et évaluation : Différences entre experts et novices dans le domaine des meubles d’antiquité [Representation, categorisation, and evaluation: Differences between experts and novices in the domain of antique furniture]. L’Année Psychologique, 102, 423-448.

Chekroun, P., & Brauer, M. (2002). The bystander effect and social control behavior: The effect of the presence of others on people’s reactions to norm violations. European Journal of Social Psychology, 32, 853-867.

Guinote, A., Judd, C. M., Brauer, M. (2002). Effects of power on perceived and objective group variability: Evidence that more powerful groups are more variable. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 708-721.

Niedenthal, P. M., Brauer, M., Robin, L., & Innes-Ker, A. H. (2002). Adult attachment and the perception of facial expression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 419-433.

Brauer, M. (2001).Intergroup perception in the social context: The effects of social status and group membership on outgroup homogeneity and ethnocentrism.Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 37, 15-31.

Brauer, M. (2001). Les statistiques et les fours à chaleur tournante: Un outil plutôt qu’une finalité en soi [Statistics and convection ovens: A tool rather than a goal in and of itself].Les Cahiers Internationaux de Psychologie Sociale, 51-52, 103-108.

Brauer, M., Abric, J. C., de la Haye, A. M., Drozda-Senkowska, E., Lorenzi-Cioldi, F., Niedenthal, P. M., Sanitioso, R. B., Schadron, G., Steiner, D., & Yzerbyt, V. (2001). La formation doctorale en psychologie sociale dans les pays francophones [The training of social psychology graduate students in francophone countries]. Les Cahiers Internationaux de Psychologie Sociale, 51-52, 95-102.

Brauer, M., Judd, C. M., & Jacquelin, V. (2001). The communication of social stereotypes: The effects of group discussion and information distribution on stereotypic appraisals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 463-475.

Niedenthal, P. M., Brauer, M., Halberstadt, J. B., & Innes-Ker, A. H. (2001). When did her smile drop? Facial mimicry and the influences of emotional state on the detection of change in emotional expression. Cognition and Emotion, 15, 853 – 864.

Brauer, M. (2000). L’identification des processus médiateurs dans la recherche en psychologie [The identification of mediating processes in psychological research]. L’Année Psychologique, 100, 661-681.

Brauer, M., & Judd, C. M. (2000). Defining variables in relationship to other variables: When interactions suddenly turn out to be main effects. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 36, 410-423.

Brauer, M., Niedenthal, P. M., & Chambres, P. (2000). La relation entre l’expertise et l’extrémisme évaluatif dans un système pluripartite [The relationship between expertise and extremity in a multi-party system]. Les Cahiers Internationaux de Psychologie Sociale, 45, 77-84.

Brauer, M., Wasel, W., Niedenthal, P. M. (2000). Implicit and explicit components of prejudice. Review of General Psychology, 4, 79-101


Brauer, M. (1998). Stroop interference in bilinguals: The role of similarity between the two languages. In A. F. Healy and L. E. Bourne (Eds.), Foreign language learning: Psycholinguistic studies on training and retention (pp. 317-337). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Brauer, M., Judd, C. M., & Gliner, M. D. (1998). L’influence de la verbalisation répétée sur la polarisation des attitudes [The influence of repeated verbalization on the polarization of attitudes]. In J. L. Beauvois, R. V. Joule, and J. M. Monteil (Eds.), Perspectives cognitives et conduites sociales [Cognitive perspectives and social behavior] (Vol. 6). Neuchâtel: Delachaux et Niestlé.

Charbonnier, E., Huguet, P., Brauer, M., & Monteil, J. M. (1998). Social loafing and self-beliefs: People’s collective effort depends on the extent to which they distinguish themselves as better than others. Social Behavior and Personality, 26, 329-340.

Brauer, M. (1997). L’exactitude de la perception [The accuracy of perception]. In J. P. Leyens and J. L. Beauvois (Eds.), La psychologie sociale – Tome III: L’ère de la cognition [Social psychology – Volume III: The era of cognition] (pp. 145-157). Grenoble: Presses Universitaires de Grenoble.

Brauer, M. & Judd, C. M. (1996). Group polarization and repeated attitude expressions: A new take on an old topic. In W. Stroebe and M. Hewstone (Eds.), European Review of Social Psychology (Vol. 7, pp. 174-207), Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.

Brauer, M., & Judd, C. M. (1996). The effects of repeated expressions on behavioral extremity. International Review of Social Psychology, 9, 7-24.

Brauer, M., Judd, C. M., & Gliner, M. D. (1995). The effects of repeated attitude expressions on attitude polarization during group discussions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 1014-1029.

Judd, C. M. & Brauer, M. (1995). Repetition and evaluative extremity. In R. E. Petty and J. A. Krosnick (Eds.), Attitude Strength: Antecedents and Consequences (pp. 43-71). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Judd, C. M., Park, B., Ryan, C. S., Brauer, M, & Kraus, S. L. (1995). Stereotypes and ethnocentrism: Interethnic perceptions of African American and White American college samples. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 460-481.

Downing, J. A., Judd, C. M., & Brauer, M. (1992). Effects of repeated expressions on attitude extremity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 17-29.