Psychology 202
Lecture 5 (TR 4:30 - 5:45 pm)

Topic 3: The Methods of Psychology

Study Exam Questions

(answers to Study Exam Questions are NOT GIVEN and WILL NOT BE SUPPLIED by the instructor;  you should be able to find the correct answer in your notes or in your textbook)

  1. Hypothesis are best described as
    1. assumptions
    2. explanations
    3. confirmations
    4. predictions

  2. In order to gain further understanding of how brain malfunctions influence behavior, Dr. Mosher extensively and carefully observed and questioned two stroke victims. Which research method did Dr. Mosher employ?
    1. a survey
    2. naturalistic observation
    3. a case study
    4. an experiment

  3. Which research method would be most appropriate for investigating the relationship between religious beliefs of Americans and their attitudes towards abortion?
    1. a survey
    2. naturalistic observation
    3. a case study
    4. an experiment

  4. The complete set of cases from which samples may be drawn is called a(n)
    1. control condition
    2. independent variable
    3. population
    4. survey

  5. In order to discover the extent to which economic status can be used to predict political preferences, researchers are most likely to engage in
    1. correlational research
    2. naturalistic observation
    3. the case study approach
    4. experimental research

  6. A researcher would be most likely to discover a negative correlation between:
    1. body height and body weight
    2. self-esteem and depression
    3. education and personal wealth
    4. intelligence and academic success

  7. If psychologists discover that people who live at the poverty level have more aggressive children than do wealthy people, this would indicate that:
    1. poverty has a negative influence on children's behavior
    2. some of the same factors that lead to poverty may also contribute to aggressiveness
    3. people's economic status and the aggressiveness of their children are negatively correlated
    4. all the above are true

  8. Prediction is to __________ as explanation is to __________.
    1. case study; survey
    2. correlation; experimentation
    3. random assignment; random sampling
    4. independent variable; dependent variable

  9. Researchers control factors that might influence a dependent variable by means of:
    1. random assignment
    2. replication
    3. naturalistic observation
    4. representative samples

  10. In a study of the effects of alcohol consumption, some participants drank a nonalcoholic beverage that actually smelled and tasted alcoholic. This nonalcoholic drink was:
    1. the dependent variable
    2. a placebo
    3. a confound
    4. the independent variable